And in 2011, the Carpathian molfar Mykhailo Nechay, a descendant of Daniil Nechay, said: “As soon as you stop fighting, you are in captivity of trouble.” And Rus-Ukraine appeared for the struggle of good and evil, light and darkness. Glorious Kyiv, which Honore de Balzac called the “Eternal City,” was founded in 482, but there are historians who believe that Kyiv is 2,500 years old.
Scandinavian written sources called Rus’ “The Land of cities.” Kyiv (Kyiv-Kenugard, as well as Constantinople-Miklagard) belonged to the largest guards in Europe. The population of medieval Kyiv ranged from 50 thousand. All the time of its existence, Kyiv has been the main urban centre of the Eastern European region, the centre of formation of the Ukrainian nation. In the minds of Ukrainians, Kyiv is associated with the words Veche, hromada, Rus’ka Pravda, etc.
Princes and princesses Askold and Dir, Oleh, Igor, and Olha won and lost Wars, opened embassies in Constantinople, and increased the territory of Rus’. In 867, patriarch Photius of Constantinople founded the first diocese for the Slavs and Varangians. In 882, the first Chronicle memory of Lyubech, in 907 – of Chernihiv and Pereyaslav.
In 964, Svyatoslav Ihorevich reigned in Kyiv, with victorious campaigns against the Khazars on the Don and North Caucasus; the subordination of the vyatichi on the Oka and Tmutarakan (Tumentarkhan) on Taman, a successful campaign against Volga Bulgaria, the destruction of the Khazar Khaganate, the subordination of the Yass and kasagons in the North Caucasus, the campaign to the Balkans. “Let’s not put the Rus’ land to shame!” Svyatoslav called.
“We will not shame, we will not shame,” the rusichis replied. In 980, the reign of Volodymyr Svyatoslavovich in Kyiv began. The prince immediately took control of the trade routes along with the Bug– Vistula and Neman; concluded alliances with Volga Bulgaria and Byzantium. Converted to Christianity. The Greek Theophylact became Metropolitan in Kyiv. Chersonesos and the Byzantine princess Anna were obtained. The first stone church of the assumption of the Virgin (tithe) was built. In 992, the prince built Bilhorod (on the Irpin River). In 1011, the construction of St. Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv probably began. Finally, a hike to Novhorod.
In 1037, the construction of St. Sophia Cathedral was completed. The main Metropolitan Church of Rus’-Ukraine, dedicated to St. Sophia – the wisdom of God. One of the largest libraries in Europe was founded in St. Sophia’s church, the beginning of St. Sophia’s existence (where you could read the works of Plato, Pythagoras, Herodotus, Socrates, etc.).
At present, about 260 square metres of mosaics and 3000 square metres of frescoes from the Rus’-Ukraine period have been preserved. St. Sophia Cathedral was the Tomb of princes, in particular, Yaroslav the Wise. In 1039-1047, under Yaroslav the Wise, we had the first alliance of Rus’ and Poland. In 1044, Prince Yaroslav’s daughter Anna became the wife of King Henry of France. Anna Regina had a prolonged influence on the course of the French court and not only that. The eldest son of Henry and Anne, Philip, became king in 1060 and was at the head of the state for 48 years until his death in 1108. Descendants of Hugo, the youngest son of Anne and Henry, became rulers of Scotland and England. Thanks to modern scientific research, Ukrainian scientists have established a continuous dynastic connection between Queen Anne and her Royal Majesty Elizabeth II.”
In 1051, Hilarion became the new Metropolitan. The Pechersk monastery was founded. The Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra is the soul of Ukraine, which has found refuge in the heart, and the heart needs liberation from Muscovite symbols.
In 1072, the date of approval of the Pravda of Yaroslav was likely.
In 1097, the Congress of princes in Liubech resolved the issue of inheritance from father to son and formally recognized the principle of fiefdom. Rusichis formed two forms of ownership.
Historically, Ukrainians were called plowmen, bread makers, farmers, Guardians of their own land, and so on. Ukrainians worked on the land and provided bread not only for themselves but also for many European countries.
St. Michael’s Cathedral of the St. Michael’s Golden-Domed Monastery (early XII century) was founded by Prince Svyatopolk Izyaslavovich in 1108. Later it became a perfect example of the Ukrainian baroque. Under the communist totalitarian regime in 1934, it was destroyed. A small part of the surviving frescoes and mosaics are kept in Ukraine, some were stolen and taken to Russia.
The architecture of Rus’-Ukraine was often technically and artistically ahead of the European one. Kyiv icon painters created their own unique school, whose icons always radiated light, unlike the “Moscow School.” The image of Oranta enjoyed special reverence. Our Lady of great Panagia was considered the defender of Kyiv, the breath of the capital city.
1113-1125-reign of Volodymyr Vsevolodovich Monomakh in Kyiv.
The Church of the assumption of the Virgin of Pirogoshcha (XII century) is mentioned in the
“The Lay of Igor’s Regiment,” built by the son of Volodymyr Monomakh, Prince Mstyslav. Under the communist totalitarian regime, the church was destroyed. Rebuilt in independent Ukraine. It is worth noting that in the word written 200 years after the baptism of Rus’-Ukraine, rusichi still remembered their pagan gods well, called the Dnieper-Slavuta and wind-sails. St. Cyril’s church (XII century) was built at the expense of the wife of Prince Vsevolod Olgovich of Chernihiv, Maria Mstyslavivna. Today, almost 800 sq. m. of frescoes of the XII century have been preserved. There, in the XIX century, Vrubel painted his “Our Lady and child.” And the Church of the Saviour on Berestov, of which Hilarion was a priest, has preserved fragments of wall paintings made by Kyiv and Greek artists. Later, it was Hilarion who became the first metropolitan of Kyiv.
1124-1153-reign of Prince Volodymyrko in Galicia. The appearance of teaching to the children of Volodymyr Monomakh.
In 1136, Novhorod broke away from Kyiv.
At the end of the XII century, after the attack of Andriy Bogolyubsky on Kyiv (in 1169, he plundered and destroyed the city and returned to reign in Suzdal), the rusichis began to identify their northern neighbour with “foe,” and their words were called “foe.”
In 1199 Roman Volynsky united the Galician and Volyn principalities.
Ukraine is not Russia… There is a vast gap between us. The abyss of civilization that separates Ukrainians from Russians is especially noticeable in world views and cultural aspects. War, like a litmus test, showed who is who; on what basic principles were the Ukrainian and Russian states built, what patterns of behaviour were offered to their citizens by the leaders of public opinion of both nations.
And the war began, the war of darkness and light. The war with a horde of orcs, a faceless and impersonal crowd. At the end of February 2022, the terrible Muscovite darkness wrapped the heart of Ukraine. The enemy approached Kyiv. The eternal dream of the rulers of the Moscow ulus was to come true – the conquest of the “Mother of Russian Cities.”
Modern martyrs of Bucha, Borodyanka, Irpin, and Vorzel took a terrible death from the Russian invaders and became an invisible protective wall of Kyiv. The Armed Forces of Ukraine-visible and glorious.